African Union Material
  • Law of the Sea
  • Handbook on the delimitation of maritime boundaries
  • Maritime Boundary Agreements, 1985-1991

RECs Materials

  • COMESA Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons Labour Services Right of Establishment and Residence
  • EAC CUstoms Union Protocol
  • ECOWAS Decision Relating to the regulations on Transhumance
  • IGAD’s ICBT-CBSG-Policy-Framework
  • Protocol Relating to Free Movement of Persons, Residence and Establishment
  • SADC Protocol on Facilitation of Movement of Persons
Videos on Borders
Map Room:
Selected Books on Borders
  • African Boundaries, a Legal and Diplomatic Encyclopaedia. By Ian Brownlie, with the assistance of Ian R. Burns. London: C. Hurst & Co. for the Royal Institute of International Affairs; also Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979.
  • The Map of Africa by Treaty. By Sir Edward Hertslet, Richard William Brant, Harry Leslie Sherwood; London: Printed for H. M. Stationery off. by Harrison and sons, 1909.
  • International Boundaries of East Africa. By A. C. McEwen. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.
  • Political Frontiers and Boundary Making. By T. H. Holdich; London, 1916.
  • The Cartographic State: Maps, Territory and the Origins of Sovereignty. By Jordan Branch; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014
  • Rethinking maps: new frontiers in cartographic theory, Dodge, Martin; Kitchen, Rob; Perkins, C. R., New York: Routledge, 2011.
  • African Boundaries: Barriers, Conduits and Opportunities. Edited by Paul Nugent and A.I. Asiwaju; London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1996.
Selected Articles on Borders
  • Resources and border disputes in Eastern Africa. By Wafula Okumu, in Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 4,  Issue 2, 2010.
  • The Purpose and Functions of International Boundaries: With Specific Reference to Africa. By Wafula Okumu, in African Union Handbook on Delimitation and Demarcation, 2010.
  • The Nature of African Boundaries. By Adekunle Ajala; Africa Spectrum, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1983.
  • Africa’s Political Boundaries: Colonial Cartography, the OAU, and the Advisability of Ethno-National Adjustment. By Emmanuel N. Amadife and James W. Warhola; International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, Vol. 6, No. 4, Summer, 1993.
  • African boundaries and their interpreters. By Maano Ramutsindela; Geopolitics,Vol. 4, Issue 2: 1999, pp. 180-198.
  • The Creation and Maintenance of National Boundaries in Africa. By Jeffrey Herbst; International Organization, Vol. 43, Issue 4, Autumn 1989.
  • Lines upon Maps: Africa and the Sanctity of African Boundaries. By Garth Abraham; African Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2007.
  • Why Redraw the Map of Africa: A Moral and Legal Inquiry. By Makau wa Mutua; Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol.16, Issue 4,1995.